SMK programs are sometimes three years in period after grade nine, however there are additionally four-year “SMK plus” options. These straddle secondary and post-secondary education and lead to the award of a one-year post-secondary diploma in addition to a senior secondary college diploma. Indonesian is the official language of instruction in the school system, although Indonesia’s numerous spoken languages may be used at the local stage within the first years of elementary education. In larger education, Indonesian is the medium of instruction as well, but English is becoming extra frequent for some programs, and textbooks are commonly printed in English. There have been some plans to make English necessary at Indonesian universities, but these plans have not been realized as of at present.

That made the transition, on this interval of school closure, a comparatively simple one for them to undertake. As former secretary of education for Massachusetts, Paul Reville …